Period of Shradh(29th September 2023 – 14th October 2023)
On the basis of shastra’s “Shradya pitran udishya vidhina kriyate yatkarm tat shradham” wondering what it means, it means “whatever acts or actions that you perform with loyalty for your near and dear ones who have died is known as shradha.” The donations made in the shradha should be start with attachment for the act of shradha.
In the absence of devotion, all other offerings and prayers done in the process is remains just an act of finishing the task of performing the yajna. In the accordance of great priest Parashar “Shradha is the procedure of performing the prayers with the materials including Black sesame (kala teel), long thick dry grass (kush) and mantras at a particular time in a exact country with an utensil (patra).”
You should be doing the act or yajnas of shradha for your ancestors on their death anniversary or in the months of Pitru Paksha which comes in the month of ashwin according to the Hindi calendar. It is the period that comes before Navratri and generally falls in September. If you perform the shradha on the same day when your ancestors had died, it is known as the ekodisht shrdha.
The Name advises the performing of Yajnas for the deliverance of the soul for the same person, who died on that particular day. The rituals advise you to donate a pind (a round ball made up of a mixture of wheat and rice flour with some sesame seeds mixed along with some milk and honey.) on the specified day and offer food to a Hindu priest (Brahman) as well. The other kind of shradha is performed during the Krishna paksha phase in the month of Ashwin on the same date on which the ancestor had died.
This form of shradha is known as pawarn shradha. As per the rituals mentioned in the shradha, you should be giving food to nine Brahman’s but even if you offer food to even one of them with utmost faith will be good as executing your rituals.
Below is the process to perform Shradh for ancestors:
1. Wear a white plain cloth and remember your late ancestors.
2. Sit down by facing the east.
3. Begin the prayer by carrying the trikush, black sesame and water in your hand and chant the following mantras:
“Om Vishnu Vishnu Vishnu namah partmatmane purshotamaye om tatsat adhaytasya vishnorogya jagatsrishti karmani prabartmanasye brahmanohin dwitiye paradhre sri swetwarah kalpe vaivast manwantare ashtawishanti tame kaliyuge kali pratham charne jambudeepey bharatkhande bharat varshey aryavartrantgartayk deshey ( say -The name of the state and city ) jilantgartey (say – The name of your town or village or the name of your colony) Namin chetrey (Say – the closet hindu piligrimage place) Namin tirthsthal samipey bodhawatare vikram samwat2066, subhkrit naam samwatsarey surya dakshinayaney, sharad ritu aswin masey Krishnapakshey (you would have to state the date on which you are doing the yajnas) thitho (you state the day on which it is being performed) washrey singh/kanya rashi sthith suryey makar rashi sthithey devgurow sheshesu grihashu yatha-yatha rashi sthan sthiteysu satsu aaewam grahgungan visheshan vishishtayaan subh pun thitho ( state your gotra here) gotrotpanosah (state your full name) ah ashmat pitrepitamah pratitamhanam sapatnikanam tataambatritaymityadi shastrabidhitwashisht sambandhi bandhwanam yey chasmatoh abhiwankchantih tesha cha chutpipasha nibriti purwakam chaytripti sampadnarth Brahman bhojnatmakam sankalpik shradham tatha panchbali karmam cha karishyeh.”
There after, the water that you were carrying in your hand should be left on the ground.
Before offering food to the Brahman, you should ask the Pandit to do the panchbali constituting of (gobali, shwanbali, kakbali, dewadibali and pipilika bali).
Carry five different kind of food in five different utensil or leaf and thereafter perform the yanjanas for kramasah, gobali, swanbali, devadibali and pipilika bali.by picking up these utensil/leaf along with the food in it.
You need to use the following mantra while taking out Gobali in a utensil or leaf.
Pratigriantu may grasham gawshtreylokaymatrah,
Edey gobhayao na mamah.
It has to be performed in the same way by using the following mantra:
Tabhyamanam prayakchami shayatametawhinsakow,
Edey sharbhyam na mamah.
Kakabali is taken out on the ground by chanting the below mantra:
Bayesah pratigrihantoh bhumoh pindah,
This bali is taken out in a utensil or leaf with the use of following mantra:
Pretah pishachastwa samasta yeh chananbhichchanti maya pradtam,
Idmanah devadibhayo na mamah
Use the below mantra while taken out this bali in a utensil or leaf.
Tesha he triptayarthmindham mayananm tebhayo weshrishtham sikinoh bhawantu,
Idmanah Pipilikahdebhayo na mamah
Once, you will perform the panchbali according to the rituals, the food items can be either offered to fire or should be given to these animals such as cow, dog crow or insect (ants).
Now, you need to treat the Brahman with the food. The ingredients of food should be grains, ghee, sugar and salt.
After treating the Brahman with food, you should offer tambul and other materials. Now, consider this Brahman to be your ancestor god and do the parikarma around him for four times. After completing all this ritual, you can eat food.
The end result of shradha would depend on your fondness of doing the shradha. According to shastras, if somebody cannot afford the ritual of Shradha, then he can just feed a cow in the name of his ancestors. It would be equivalent to performing the ritual of shradha. Even, if you cannot do this then just raise your hands in the air and say to your ancestor gods that you have no material possessions to execute shradha for their spirit and all you have is the affection for them so you can accept my devotion as an offering and give your blessings.