According to science, Eclipse is a celestial event and this occurs every year, but number of eclipses occurring each year varies. This year, in 2021, there will be 2 Lunar Eclipses.
First eclipse is occurring on 26th May 2021
Second eclipse will be occurred on 19th November 2021.
Both of the eclipses will be seen in India as Penumbral Lunar Eclipse, and therefore, sootak kaal of the eclipses will not be admissible in India.
Time of starting of Lunar eclipse May 2021, which is occurring on 26th May 2021, will start from 14:17 and will last up to 19:19, It will be a Total Lunar Eclipse for Australia and other countries but for India it will be Penumbral Lunar Eclipse. According to Hindu Panchang, eclipse occurring on 26th May will be first eclipse of the year and it will occur on full Moon day, which is in Vikram Samvat 2078, and in the month of Vaishakh. This will have maximum effect on zodiac sign Scorpio and Anuradha Nakshatra. This eclipse will be seen in East Asia, Australia, Pacific-ocean and America, as Total Lunar Eclipse but in India it will be seen as Penumbral Lunar Eclipse.
Second Lunar Eclipse will occur on 19th November 2021, and this will be Partial Lunar Eclipse. According to Hindu Panchang this eclipse will start from 11: 32 noon to 17:33 in night. This eclipse will occur on full Moon day, which is in Vikram Samvat 2078, in the month of Kartik, and will have maximum effect on zodiac sign Taurus and kratika Nakshatra. This will be seen in India, America, North Europe, East Asia, Australia and Pacific-ocean. In India, it will be seen as Penumbral Lunar Eclipse, and its sootak kaal will not be effective.
In mythology and astrology eclipses have special importance, whether it is solar eclipse or it is lunar eclipse, each has its importance. Whenever, one thinks about eclipse, only thought comes to mind is about its negativity, and generally, people connect it with the possible losses which may be caused due to eclipse. According to experts of astrology, eclipse has negative effect on all the living animals on earth. Do’s and Don’ts during the Lunar eclipse . As per astrologists, during the time of eclipse, any auspicious occasion should not be conducted. There are certain remedies suggested, to avoid negative effects of eclipse. According to science, when Earth revolves around Sun and Moon revolves around Earth, there comes a position when Moon comes between Earth and Sun and its shadow falls on Earth, then it is called solar eclipse, whereas, when Earth comes between Sun and Moon and its shadow falls on Moon, then it is called lunar eclipse. The scientific and the spiritual aspects of Lunar Eclipse (Chandra Grahan)
As per assumptions of Hindu religion, solar eclipse and lunar eclipses are related to Rahu and Ketu. Solar eclipse occurs for small duration as compared to lunar eclipse. Whereas, duration of lunar eclipse is much more than that of solar eclipse and lunar eclipse occurs on full Moon day. There are three different types of Lunar eclipse.
Total Lunar Eclipse: When Earth comes in between Sun and Moon, while revolving around Sun and its shadow completely overlaps Moon. In this condition emerging Moon appears red or pink, and spots on Moon can be clearly seen from Earth. This condition is called Total Lunar Eclipse or Super Blood Moon.
Partial Lunar Eclipse: When Earth comes between Sun and Moon, while revolving around Sun and its shadow partially overlaps the Moon. Due to this only part of Moon has Earth’s shadow. This is called Partial Lunar Eclipse. This eclipse lasts for lesser time duration.
Penumbral Lunar Eclipse: This eclipse occurs when Earth comes between Sun and Moon, but all the three planets are not collinear, and therefore, shadow of outer portion of Earth (which is called penumbra) falls on Moon and surface of Moon looks blurred. This eclipse is called Penumbral Lunar Eclipse.
Importance of Sootak kaal when Lunar eclipse occurs
According to mythology and religion, sootak kaal (time duration before eclipse) is assumed to be inauspicious, and any auspicious functions are not performed during this time. It is said that negative effect of Eclipse will give unfavorable results and this affects all the living animals on Earth with its negativity. Sootak kaal starts few hours before Eclipse and it ends with Eclipse. For Lunar eclipse, sootak kaal starts nine hours before the eclipse and deactivates with eclipse.