Air is generally polluted especially in urban areas. Fresh air isvery essential for sound mental as well as physical health. There are certain plants which are natural air purifiers.
One can survive for many days without food but not more than a few minutes without oxygen.
Inside the cells of our body carbon dioxide and other toxic substances are formed as the result of various processes. As the blood carrying carbon dioxide reaches the lungs, it is exhaled and oxygen is inhaled which gets dissolved in the blood and is then carried to every body cell.
But the air these days carries many pollutants. So here is how you can take help of plants which do a wonderful job.
Indoor Plants that Purify Air
Plants and trees take up carbon dioxide from the air and release oxygen into the air. There are certain indoor plants which absorb many pollutants and give oxygen. These plants can be grown in pots and placed inside the house.
It is important that these plants are kept in healthy condition by proper watering and fertilizing. Only healthy plants will do their job of air purification better as compared to unhealthy plants.
Some commonly available air purifying indoor plants are described here. Their local names may vary so the pictures will help in their identification.
Aloe (Aloe Vera): The Aloe Vera plant is very common and can be seen as a potted plant in many homes. In India it is also known by the name of ‘Ghrit-kumari’. The gel inside its thick leaves has medicinal qualities and heals cuts and burns.
This plant removes chemicals like formaldehyde and benzene which are released into air from many chemical based house cleaners and paints etc.
This plant can be grown in a suitable pot and kept in a kitchen window where sun rays fall on it as it likes sun rays.
Spider plant: The Spider plant is also commonly available and its botanical name is chlorophytumcomosum.In India it is also known as musli,it is a grass like, clump forming, evergreen perennial of the lily family.
The plant also bears Small white flowers. This plant is very hardy and survives even when neglected.
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The spider plant removes benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and xylene from air.
Snake plant: Its botanical name is Sansevieriatrifasciata and is also called ‘Laurentii’ andas ‘tongue of mother-in-law’, this plant removes pollutants like formaldehyde, which is common in cleaning and personal care products.
This plant grows well in humid and low light places such as bathrooms alternately it can be placed anywhere indoors.
Golden pothos: Its botanical name is scindapsusauresand is a powerful plant for filtering formaldehyde in the air.It is also known as ‘devil’s ivy’.This plant is very common in Indian houses and is called ‘money plant’ .Its a fast-growing vine and grows even when placed in dark places.
In addition to placing it at other places around the house also place it in places where vehicles and generators are kept so that it removes pollutants from fumes.
Chinese evergreen: The botanical name is Aglaonema Crispumand is also known as ‘Deborah’.It is a good air filter and is very easy to grow. It can be placed even in low light places. It bears blooms and red berries.
Bamboo palm: Its botanical name is Chamaedoreasefritzii and is also known as reed palm.
This plant grows well even in low light areas and produces flowers and small berries. This plant is best for filtering out both benzene and trichloroethylene from the air.
Article by: Jyotirvid Pawan Kumar