Karva Chauth 2018 – Fasting by the wedded Hindu Woman for the well-being, success and long life of their husbands.
When is Karva Chauth in 2018?
This Year in 2018 the festival of Karva Chauth will be held on October 28, 2018.
History of Karva Chauth
A long time ago, there lived a gorgeous girl by the name of Veeravati. She was the only sister of her seven caring brothers, who was wedded to a king. On the juncture of the first Karva Chauth after her wedding, she went to her parents’ home. After sunrise, she observed a strict fast. Though, the queen couldn’t stand the rigors of fasting and was eagerly waiting for the moon to rise.
The seven brothers, who respected her dearly, were very disturbed watching the sorrow of their sister and decided to end her fast by misleading her. Then the brothers reflected a mirror with the help of Pipal tree leaves. The sister, taken it as moon rise and broke the fast and took food. However, the moment the queen ate her dinner, she got the news that her husband, the king, was seriously sick.
New Age Karva Chauth
The queen went to her husband’s palace and she met Lord Shiva and his consort, Goddess Parvati on the way. Parvati informed her that the king had died as the queen had broken her fast by seeing a false moon. However, when the queen asked her for clemency, the goddess given her the boon that the king would be revived. But in order to achieve this, she would have to observe the Karva Chauth fast by following all rituals then only her husband would be revived. Thus, by strictly following all the customs of Karva chauth, queen Veeravati relieved her husband.
Tradition of Karva Chauth
A married woman who observes this fast is called ‘Saubhagyavati’ (joyous and happy state of wifehood). “Let the donations of this Karva (Karak (gift carry long life to my husband and may my saubhagya be everlasting”). And express such wish that ‘May my death precedes that of my husband so that I can enter the chitaa (funeral pyre) as a bride (not as a widow).
This katha (narrative) first took place in between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Shiva told Parvati about the importance of Karva Chauth Vrat. In Dwapar Yuga, Draupadi asked Lord Krishna about the fast of Karva Chauth. Afterward, the very first time this fast was observed in the town of Shukraprastha by Veeravati, the daughter of Vedsharma and Leelavati. Since then this fast has been observed by wedded women till the present day.
Significance of Karva Chauth
The fast of Karva Chauth is particularly essential for Hindu women as they believe that it ensures the well-being, richness and long life of their husbands.
Karva Chauth has become more of a community event. Karva Chauth is one such carnival when most wedded Hindu women in North India seek the blessings of God for their husband’s longevity. Karva Chauth is performed on the fourth day of the dark fortnight of Ashwin, which is also known as Kartik according to some calendars.
Occasion of Karva Chauth
Karva Chauth falls about nine days before the festival of Diwali. It is the most vital fast kept by Hindu women of North India. On this day, wedded Hindu women offer prayers seeking the happiness, prosperity, and longevity of their husbands. Though, it is a auspicious day marked with neither food nor water. They prepare food early in the morning and consume it before sunrise. The morning passes by in other celebratory activities like decorating hand and feet with heena, adorning the pooja thali and gathering friends and relatives.
In the late afternoon, women assemble at a common place like shrine or a garden or someone’s’ place who has prearranged the pooja. An elderly lady or the pujarin read the legend of Karva Chauth. In the afternoon, mothers of newly wedded girls give ‘Baya’ to the parents of their son-in-law. This Baya contains few Mathris, Almonds, and gifts. The Vrat is broken once the moon is sighted and rituals of the day have been executed. At night when the moon appears, women break their Vrat after giving water to the moon.
This festival is quite famous among the newlyweds. A few days before the occasion, markets are full of items required for the festival. The preparations for this carnival start before a week in advance. Karva Chauth is performed mostly amongst the entire North Indian society settled either in India and other parts of the world.
The fest of Karva Chauth 2018
provides a chance for all married women to get close to their in-laws. Possessing an incredible social and cultural importance, this occasion is performed by keeping fast, applying henna and distribution of gifts. Mother-in-laws arrange ‘sargi’ for their daughter-in-laws. This ‘sargi’ consists of various kinds of sweetmeats, and sometime garments. All these items are supposed to carry good luck to the women. There is a great celebration on this day.
Essentials of Karva Chauth
The essentials of this meeting and listening of the Karva chauth tale, a special mud pot is considered as a symbol of lord Ganesha, a metal urn filled with water, flowers, statues of Ambika Gaur Mata, Goddess Parwati and some fruits, mathi and food stuff. A part of this is presented to the deities as well as the storyteller.
Earlier a picture of Gaur Mata was made using earth and cow dung. Now just a statue of Goddess Parwati is kept. Every one lights an earthen lamp in their plates while listening to the Karva Chauth story. Also, sindoor, incense sticks and rice are kept in the plate.
During this time, the women wear heavy saris or chunries of red, pink or other celebratory colors, and adorn themselves with all other symbols of a married woman such as nose pin, tika, bindi, chonp, bangles and earrings etc.
once the moon rises, the women watch its reflection in a plate of water, or through a dupatta or a sieve. They give water to the moon and seek blessings. They pray for the shelter, success and long life of their husbands. If the husband is present, then worship him with Panchopchar or gandh, pushpa, dhoop, deep and naivedya (perfume, flower, incense, lamp and food). If the husband is away on travels, then offer a prayer to Almighty to grant longevity to their husband. Thereafter bring the fast to its conclusion.